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How To Provide Equal Broadband Internet Access For All

By Duane Thresher, Ph.D.          December 25, 2022

In memory of my father, who was a U.S. Air Force officer in time of war, including being an Atlas ICBM silo officer during the Cuban Missile Crisis of the Cold War and an aircraft officer in Saigon right before the Tet Offensive in the Vietnam War. After retiring to his rural home, he waited 25 years for real broadband Internet access but never got it, even while government and business promised it all those years.

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Nowadays, particularly with so much remote working, equal broadband Internet access means equal economic opportunity, as well as equal access to government, as required by law. But not all broadband Internet access is equal.

I have extensive education and experience with all forms of Internet access — dial-up, cable, DSL, satellite, cellular, Wi-Fi, and fiber — at rural, suburban, and urban locations with all major and many minor Internet access service providers.

Dial-up uses pre-existing telephone lines, which carry electric waves; it can not provide broadband Internet access no matter how it is defined (see ahead). Cable uses electric waves in pre-existing cable TV lines. DSL uses electric waves in pre-existing telephone lines that are close enough (~1 mile) to the telephone switching center. Satellite uses radio waves between dishes and satellites. Cellular uses radio waves between cell phones and cell phone towers (and often between cell phone towers). Wi-Fi uses radio waves between computers (including cell phones) and Wi-Fi access points. Best of all by far, fiber uses light waves in fiber optic cables.

All data communication, such as on the Internet, involves waves in a limited band of frequencies; the larger the bandwidth, the more data can be sent in a given time (usually one second), i.e. the higher the speed. Broadband thus technically just means high-speed.

However, when most people think of broadband Internet access they think of, and need, the ability to stream video, whether Internet TV or video calls, on any size screen they want, as much as they want. This is "real" broadband Internet access.

But streaming video on anything but the smallest cell phone screen is very data intensive.

You can have high-speed Internet access but not be able to stream video because of data limits, i.e. caps, by your Internet service provider. When you quickly reach your data cap, your speed is slowed to a crawl and you are incapable of streaming video at all (buffering, buffering, buffering). You'll find this caveat hidden in your service contract.

Internet service providers are businesses, i.e. in it for the profit, and want to have as many customers as possible, to make as much money as possible, while limiting costs, particularly for the data communications equipment. These customers thus have to share limited equipment and the limited max bandwidth it can provide.

Fiber provides, by far, the most bandwidth to the most customers, so they can all stream all they want. The Internet backbone is mostly fiber.

However, fiber is expensive since it is a cable that must be installed and does not already exist in many areas, like telephone and cable TV lines do in urban and many suburban areas; in rural areas only long (so not even DSL-capable) telephone lines may exist.

Similarly, the coverage of cellular, particularly the newest and fastest, 5G, is very limited, not even covering all urban areas, never mind rural areas, even if its data capping were not already a deal killer for real broadband. (Wi-Fi coverage is even more limited.)

Apscitu's historic business plan will solve the problem of cellular, particularly 5G, coverage however. Merry Christmas America.

Its data capping is again a deal killer for real broadband, but satellite Internet access, often the only high-speed Internet access available in rural areas, also suffers from a large latency. That is, the trip from ground to space and back, through all the necessary equipment, adds a delay that makes conversation (and gaming and using cloud apps and ...) frustrating at best, if not impossible, as I know from experience.

Again, fiber is the only solution to real broadband for rural areas, i.e. equal broadband Internet access, and it is expensive to install there due to the distances, unlike in urban areas, where it thus may already be installed. The closer one can get to the Internet backbone the cheaper it will be. The Internet backbone is currently far from most rural areas.

Apscitu's historic business plan will solve the problem of bringing the Internet backbone close to rural areas. Merry Christmas America.

The current Internet backbone is already congested in some places and adding more real broadband customers to it will make this worse, which is another reason for business and government not to provide real broadband to rural areas.

Apscitu's historic business plan will solve the problem of Internet backbone congestion. Merry Christmas America.

Business, except for Apscitu Inc., doesn't know how to finance providing real broadband to rural areas. All it does, repeatedly, is demand government subsidies to provide any form of broadband — defining broadband as just high-speed, without regard to data caps — and then try to keep most of the subsidy as profit by not installing fiber.

Apscitu's historic business plan will profitably solve the problem of financing, without government, providing real broadband to rural areas. Merry Christmas America.

The government goes along with the rural broadband scam because they don't have to, so don't, care about rural areas.

When the U.S. Government was created in the late 1700's, most of the U.S. population was rural rather than urban. This situation reversed in the late 1910's and is now heavily skewed toward urban. The U.S. House of Representatives is based on population and the U.S. Senate, with two senators per state regardless of population, was created to try to counter this rural-urban skew, among other things. Unfortunately though, election of Senators is done strictly based on population, which greatly undermines this.

Since most people live in urban areas now, urban areas determine who is elected and in government, and who they are beholden to. Thus rural areas get short shrift by the government, particularly with regards to equal broadband Internet access.

Moreover, rural areas are mostly Republican and urban areas are mostly Democrat: a U.S. political map is a sea of red (Republican) with islands of blue (Democrat). This is another reason rural areas get short shrift by the government, particularly with regards to equal broadband Internet access.

Thus, rural people, the people who most need to work remotely, don't have equal broadband Internet access, and thus equal economic opportunity and equal access to government, as required by law.

Apscitu's historic business plan will solve this problem. Merry Christmas America.